The Torah and the Bible

The Torah and the Bible: The easiest way to understand the difference between the Torah and the Bible is to make one simple distinction. The Torah is the first five books of the bible, written by Moses. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

These scrolls served as the entirety of the Holy Scripture, but then came the writings and the prophets of the Hebrew bible, which Christians call the Old Testament.

God creates the universe

In Genesis, Moses wrote an account of how the universe was created and how man came to be. It is the beginning account of man’s relationship to God. Exodus chronicles the miracles of how God freed the Israelites from Egyptian bondage.

The Ten Commandments are delivered, but man disobeys God and wandered the wilderness for an additional 40 years as a result. While in the dessert, Moses penned the next three books, detailing what would be come Judaism.

Torah lays foundation for redemption

Interestingly, the Torah clearly outlines the importance of man having faith in God, not in himself. It lays the foundation of how man would later be redeemed. Without mentioning Jesus, it presents the Gospel of Jesus’ birth and resurrection.

For example, in Exodus, Moses forms a snake out of bronze and places it on a long pole. All the people had to do was look at the snake and then would be healed. Some didn’t believe and died of their snake bites.

Others did believe and lived. All people need do for eternal life is to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. The snake story was foreshadowing of Jesus on the cross.

Abraham called to sacrifice his son

Earlier, in Genesis, Abraham is commanded to sacrifice his son Issac. He is obedient, but just as he was ready to plunge the knife into his son’s body. God provided a sacrifice in the form of a ram caught in a thicket to replace Issac’s death. God would not save His own Son from dying on the cross, but would resurrect Him three days later.

Prophets explain who Jesus is

In the writings and prophets, there is a reliable history of events, but more importantly, an explanation of how the Messiah would come. The prophets not only describe the coining of the Messiah, but also tell of the end of times.

For example, the book of Daniel ties in directly with the accounts written by the Apostle John in the book of Revelation, with astonishingly accurate detail.

Torah and the Bible

From the Torah to Revelation, the Bible is one contiguous story. Every major event in the ministry of Jesus took place on a location referenced from the Hebrew Bible. It was the canvas for the life of Christ. But much of what we all really need to know and embrace, is in the Torah, those first five books are the basis for everything.